Surah Ad-Dukhan 44:51-57

Verses and Translation

إِنَّ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ فِى مَقَامٍ أَمِينٍ۬ (٥١) فِى جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ وَعُيُونٍ۬ (٥٢) يَلۡبَسُونَ مِن سُندُسٍ۬ وَإِسۡتَبۡرَقٍ۬ مُّتَقَـٰبِلِينَ (٥٣) ڪَذَٲلِكَ وَزَوَّجۡنَـٰهُم بِحُورٍ عِينٍ۬ (٥٤) يَدۡعُونَ فِيهَا بِكُلِّ فَـٰكِهَةٍ ءَامِنِينَ (٥٥) لَا يَذُوقُونَ فِيهَا ٱلۡمَوۡتَ إِلَّا ٱلۡمَوۡتَةَ ٱلۡأُولَىٰ‌ۖ وَوَقَٮٰهُمۡ عَذَابَ ٱلۡجَحِيمِ (٥٦) فَضۡلاً۬ مِّن رَّبِّكَ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلۡفَوۡزُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ (٥٧)

“Indeed, the righteous will be in a secure place; Within gardens and springs, Wearing [garments of] fine silk and brocade, facing each other. Thus. And We will marry them to fair women with large, [beautiful] eyes. They will call therein for every [kind of] fruit – safe and secure. They will not taste death therein except the first death, and He will have protected them from the punishment of Hellfire. As bounty from your Lord. That is what is the great attainment.”



“A secure place”: A place safe from every kind of fear, grief, worry and danger, hardship and trouble. According to a hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “It will be proclaimed to the dwellers of Paradise: You will remain in good health, will never fall ill; will live for ever: will never die; will ever remain happy and prosperous and will never meet with a misfortune; will ever remain youthful, will never become old.” (Muslim, on the authority of Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa id Khudri).

Sundus and istabraq in the original are fine silk cloth and thick silk cloth respectively.

In the original, hur-un ‘in : fair complexioned, large-eyed women. (For further explanation, see E.N.’s 26,29 of As-Saaffat).

That is, they will order the attendants in Paradise to bring anything they would like in any measure they would demand, and it will be presented before them. In this world, a man cannot ask for a thing in a hotel, or even his own things in his own house, with the freedom and satisfaction as he will ask for these in Paradise, for in the world nothing is found anywhere in un-limited measure; whatever man uses here, he has to pay for it. In Paradise, things will belong to Allah, and the servants will enjoy full freedom to use them. Neither will there be the danger of the failure of the supply, nor the necessity of a bill to pay.

Two things are worthy of notice in this verse.

First, after mentioning the blessings of Paradise special mention has been made of being secure from Hell separately whereas a person’s entry into Paradise by itself amounts to his being safe from Hell. This is because man can feel the worth of the reward of obedience fully only when he is informed what end the disobedient people have met and from what evil end he himself has ban saved.

Secondly, Allah is mentioning those people’s safety from Hell and their entry into Paradise as a result of His own grace. This is meant to warn man of the truth that this success cannot be achieved by any person unless he is blessed by Allah’s grace. Although man will be rewarded for his own good deeds, in the first place he cannot do good unless favored by Allah’s succor; then even the best deed that man is able to perform, cannot be absolutely perfect and none can claim that it is flawless and faultless. It is only Allah’s bounty that He should overlook the servant’s weaknesses and defects in his actions and accept his services and bless him with rewards; otherwise if He resorts to minute accountability no one can dare claim to win Paradise only on the strength of his own deeds. The same thing has been said by the Holy Prophet in a Hadith to the effect: “Act and try to act as righteously as you possibly can, but know that the action of a person alone will not make him enter Paradise. It was asked: What about your own action, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: Yes, even I won’t enter Paradise on the strength of my actions, unless of course, my Lord covers me up in His mercy.” [Maududi]


Foundational Attributes